Sunburn can be a painful experience, and its effect on your skin can last for a long time. The sun emits various types of UV radiation, such as UVA and UVB rays. UVA rays deeply penetrate your skin, causing long-term damage like wrinkles and age spots. On the other hand, UVB rays affect the outer layers of your skin, resulting in “sunburn” which we all dread. Shielding your skin from sunburn is the key to keeping it healthy. You can prevent sunburn and protect yourself from its harmful effects, by adopting some proactive measures. In this ultimate guide to Sunburn Prevention, we will give some essential tips to keep your skin healthy and protect it from the damaging effects of sunburn.

Why is Sunburn prevention important?

Sunburn prevention is extremely important as it can result in swelling, redness, skin boils and a lot more. Sunburns are not only uncomfortable but also increase the risk of long-term skin damage and even skin cancer. Hence, they can also lead to dehydration as the body loses moisture through the damaged skin. This is why it is essential to safeguard our skin against sun exposure and improve overall well-being.

Causes Of Sunburn

Certain factors can increase your susceptibility to sunburn, such as-

  • Lighter skin
  • Intense sun exposure  
  • Lack of sunscreen or inadequate sun protection
  • Consumption of sun-sensitive medications
  • Certain skin conditions such as vitiligo, albinism etc.
  • Certain skin conditions such as vitiligo, albinism etc.
  • Lack of sunscreen or inadequate sun protection
  • Consumption of sun-sensitive medications
  • Certain skin conditions such as vitiligo, albinism etc.

Symptoms of Sunburn

Sunburn can affect anyone, and the symptoms may vary from person to person. Some of the most common symptoms include –

  • Redness
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Heat and warmth
  • Itching
  • Peeling
  • Fluid-filled bumps on the skin
  • In severe cases, sunburns can also lead to
  • Heat stroke
  • Sun poisoning
  • Fever and chills
  • Nausea and dizziness
  • Fainting or loss of consciousness
  • Increased heart rate
  • Muscle cramps

Phases of Sunburn

Understanding the different phases of solar burn can help you recognize it and take appropriate measures for recovery. Here are the various phases that you may experience

Initial Exposure (Day 0) – You may not notice any immediate symptoms.

Redness and Heat (Within 6-12 hours) – The affected area of the skin begins to turn red, and you may experience warmth or heat in that area.

Pain and Swelling (Within 24 hours) – Skin will become tender and painful to touch. Swelling may also occur.

Blistering (Within 24-48 hours) – In severe cases, painful fluid-filled blisters may appear on the sunburned skin.

Peeling (2-7 days after sunburn) – As the damaged skin begins to heal, you may experience peeling or shedding of the top layers of the skin.

Resolution (1-2 weeks) – In most cases, sunburn symptoms gradually improve and resolve within one to two weeks.

Tips for Sunburn Prevention

Sunburn prevention is crucial for maintaining healthy skin and reducing the risk of skin cancer. With the following tips, you can effectively safeguard your skin and prevent sunburn.

1. Apply Sunscreen Regularly

Select a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high Sun Protection Factor (SPF) and generously apply it to all exposed areas of your skin. It is generally recommended to choose a sunscreen with at least 30 or more SPF for adequate protection. Be sure to apply sunscreen at least 15-30 minutes before sun exposure to fully absorb it into the skin. Reapply sunscreen every two hours, or more frequently if you are swimming, sweating, or towel-drying.

Apply Sunscreen Regularly
Use Sunglasses and Wide-Brimmed Hats 

2. Use Sunglasses and Wide-Brimmed Hats

Protect your eyes and face from the sun’s harmful rays by wearing sunglasses that block 100% of both UVA and UVB rays. Look for sunglasses labelled as UV 400 or those that meet the ANSI (American National Standards Institute) standards. Also wear wide-brimmed hats that shade your face, neck, and ears.

3. Stay Hydrated

Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated, as sun exposure can dehydrate your body. If possible, plan outdoor activities for the early morning or late afternoon when the sun is lower in the sky. Keep in mind that UV radiation can still be present on cloudy or overcast days, so it’s important to practice sun protection even then.

Stay Hydrated
Be Cautious with Medications

4. Be Cautious with Medications

Certain medications can increase your skin’s sensitivity to the sun, a condition known as photosensitivity. Common medications that can cause photosensitivity include certain antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and some acne medications. If you’re taking any medication, consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist to understand the potential side effects and take necessary precautions, such as avoiding direct sunlight or wearing extra sun protection.

5. Consider UV Protective Clothing and Accessories

In addition to sunscreen, consider using UV protective clothing and accessories for added sunburn protection. Look for clothing with a UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor) rating, which indicates the level of UV protection provided. Wear loose-fitted clothing that covers as much skin as possible. Opt for light-coloured clothes like white, beige, pink etc. as they reflect the heat and keep your body cooler.

Consider UV Protective Clothing and Accessories
Beware of the Sun's Peak Hours

6. Beware of the Sun’s Peak Hours

Certain times of the day can significantly increase your risk of sunburn. Between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., the sun’s UV rays are most potent and pose a greater threat to your skin. Understanding this can help you plan your outdoor activities more effectively and take appropriate precautions to minimize the risk of sunburn during peak hours.

Natural Remedies for Sunburn Relief 

While prevention is key, sunburns can still happen despite our best efforts. If you find yourself with a sunburn, here are some natural remedies that can help soothe the discomfort and promote healing.

Aloe Vera 

Aloe vera gel is well-known for its soothing properties and can help alleviate sunburn symptoms. It contains compounds that reduce inflammation, promote skin healing, and provide a cooling sensation. Apply a thin layer of pure aloe vera gel directly to the affected area and gently massage it into the skin. For maximum relief, it is advised to repeat this process several times a day.

Cold Compresses

Applying cold compresses or ice packs to sunburned skin can help reduce inflammation, ease pain, and provide temporary relief. Wrap ice cubes in a thin towel or use a cold compress and apply it gently to the affected areas for about 10-15 minutes at a time. Ensure you do not apply ice directly to the skin to avoid ice burns.

Oatmeal Baths

Taking cool oatmeal baths can provide soothing relief for sunburned skin. Colloidal oatmeal i.e., finely ground oats, is known for its anti-inflammatory properties and ability to relieve itching and irritation. Add a cup or two of colloidal oatmeal to your bathwater and soak in it for 15-20 minutes. Pat your skin dry gently afterwards to avoid further irritation.

Hydrating Lotions and Moisturizers

Sunburned skin tends to be dry and dehydrated, so using hydrating lotions and moisturizers can help replenish moisture and reduce dryness. Look for products specifically formulated for sunburn relief or those containing ingredients like aloe vera, chamomile, cucumber, or hyaluronic acid. Apply the lotion or moisturizer to the affected areas as often as needed to keep the skin hydrated and supple.

Note- These natural remedies can only provide relief and promote healing, they do not reverse the damage caused by sunburn. It’s crucial to continue practicing sunburn protection strategies and seek medical attention if your sunburn is accompanied by symptoms like blistering, fever, or severe pain.

Myths and Facts about Sunburn Protection

There are several myths surrounding sunburn protection that can lead to misconceptions. It’s important to debunk these myths for protecting your skin all year long.

1. People with darker skin tones don’t need sunscreen.1. All skin tones require sunscreen for protection.
2. Sunscreen with a high SPF provides all-day protection.2. Sunscreen, regardless of its SPF, needs to be reapplied every two hours.
3. Sunburn only occurs on sunny days.3. Sunburn can happen on cloudy days as well.
4. Sunscreen is the only way to protect against sunburn.4. Sunscreen should be combined with other preventive measures.
5. Sunburn is only a concern for adults.5. Children’s delicate skin is more prone to sunburn


When it comes to preserving the health of your skin, sunburn prevention is of utmost importance. Sunburns not only cause immediate discomfort and pain but can also have lasting effects on your skin’s appearance. Prolonged and repeated sunburns can lead to premature skin aging, wrinkles, sunspots, and an increased risk of skin cancer, including melanoma.

By understanding the underlying causes of sunburn and taking proactive steps to prevent it, you can significantly reduce the negative impact of excessive sun exposure. To ensure your skin stays safe from harmful solar rays’ order sunscreen from Stadium Pharmacy. Our pharmacists will deliver sunscreen right to your doorstep. Don’t wait until the next sunny day to protect your skin, order Now!



Order your meds from Stadium Pharmacy today!! Call us at 816-356-4600 and our pharmacists will deliver medications right to your doorsteps.